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Dogue De Bordeaux

Dogue De Bordeaux Profile

Other Names: French Mastiff, Bordeaux

Country of origin: France

Dog Group Kennel Club: Working

General appearance:

Better known as the French Mastiff, the Dogue De Bordeaux has a short, and soft coat. Has a distinct darker mask relative to the rest of his face. Requires little to no coat maintenance. This dog has a large, broad, round head with lots of wrinkles. They have a strong muscular neck and body with a deep broad chest, stocky, athletic, imposing, they have a very dissuasive aspect. Dogue de Bordeaux are massive dogs, capable of great power, and should be trained early on in life. They are devoted, playful, and even tempered and are affectionate to their family. Some can be aggressive with other dogs if they aren't socialized early on.

Colours: Shades of fawn, from Mahogany to Isabella. Pigmentation is required. White patches on the chest and extremities of the limbs are acceptable.


Bitch    58cm (23") 66cm (26")

Dog    60cm (24") 70cm (28")


Bitch 45kg (99lbs) 50kg (110lbs)

Dog  50kg (110lbs) 68kg (150lbs)


A very intimidating breed, this dog can also be calm and gentle given the proper home environment and socialization. This breed, if male, should not be placed in a home with another male. Even Being a powerful breed, the Dogue De Bordeaux does well with children but should always be supervised. They are not suited to homes where they will be left alone for long periods of time, as they associate this separation as a punishment. Usually gets along with everyone, but some may not get along with other dogs. Dogue de Bordeaux are dog aggressive if not trained early on.


Movement is free, quite supple for his size and weight and close to the ground. Good drive from hindquarters, good extension of the forelegs. At a faster gait, the head is carried lower.

Care and training:

An average shedder, this breed requires little to no maintenance. To remove excess hair, brushing with a firm bristle brush would be a good idea, however a wipe down with a dry towel or damp washcloth should be sufficient. The skin folds on the face should be cleaned regularly to stop any skin infections from starting.

Very powerful animal and it is highly recommended that you provide your Dogue de Bordeaux with some basic obedience training. Consistent training in a fair and calm manner. Dogue de  ordeaux should be trained from puppyhood. Requires a dominant trainer to avoid any problems as this is a fearless, large, and courageous breed. Does well in obedience, working, and watch dog sports.

Overall Exercise: 60 - 80 minutes per day.
They do not require as much exercise as may be expected. Several walks throughout the day should be sufficient, allowing short periods for free running and playing. It has to be remembered that even when this dog is 6 months old, and is relatively large, it is still a puppy.

Feeding requirements: On average they cost about £10 per week to feed adequately.

Exercise: High 

Grooming: Med

Noise: Med

Personal Protection: Medium

Suitability As Guard Dog: High

Level of Aggression: Medium

Compatibility With Other Animals: Medium

Suitablity for Children: High

Often docked? No

Average litter: 6 - 8

Life expectancy (yrs): 8 - 10

History: The Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the oldest French Breeds. The name comes from southern France, in the Bordeaux region where it was thought to have originated. Its actual origins are obscure, but it probably descended from one of the strains of Mastiff type dogs that accompanied Macedonian and Roman armies through Asia, Europe and Britain. They were thought to have been a mix of the Tibetan Mastiff, Roman Mollussus or Spanish Alano. They were used as guardian dogs for protecting homes, butcher shops and vineyards, as well as pack hunting dogs that baited bulls and pursued boars, bears and jaguars. Often they were thrown in the ring with jaguars, bears and boars, fighting to the death. The attitude of the time was made known through dog fights in a comment by Gaston Phoebus of the 1300s when he described the Dogue: "But they are heavy and ugly and, if a wild boar were to kill them, it would be no great loss." During the French Revolution, Dogue de Bordeaux were considered the dogs of royalty, and many a Bordeaux was killed defending its master. The breed almost died out, but fortunately caught the eye of cynologists at the time, who took the breed and revived it enough to where it now exists in Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Japan, Africa and the United States.


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